Population and Demography
a) Total Population

According to survey conducted by the National Statistics Office [NSO], the municipality of Lupao has a total population of 37,712

b) Population Growth Rate

Taking into account the population from the year 1960-2005, the rate of population growth of Lupao is pegged at 1.9137%.

c) Population Density

The population density of the municipality in 2000 was about 1.88 person per hectare. By the year 2005, it is projected to reach 2.03 person per hectare.

d) Number of Households

The registered total number of households in 2001 is 7,406 with an average of five (5) members per family/household. Taking into consideration the annual population growth rate of 1.9137% in Lupao, the projected number of households in the municipality will increase to 7621 by the year 2004

e) Number of Dependents

The number of person from ages 0-15 reached 11,532 in 1995 and is projected to increase to 13,518 in the year 2004, while those in age bracket 65 and above reached 1,223 in 1995 and projected to reach 1,433 by the year 2004.

f) Productive Age Population

Productive age population reached 17,241 in 1995 representing 5.47% of the total population. The age includes ages from 16-64 years old. This is forecasted to reach 20,421 by the year 2004.

g) Male to Female Ratio

There is an almost 50:50 ratio among male and female population in the municipality. 17,231 are males while 16,959 are female.

Socio-Economic Status

a) Employment Status

Majority of the populace relies on farming as the primary source of employment. As per records, there 4,122 farmers, representing 13.74% of the populace. Due to lack irrigation facilities majority of the farmers work on their farms on one cropping season. They remain idle for the remainder of the year. The case is the same with the wives who usually help their husbands during the planting season but are generally jobless after harvest time. Two hundred thirteen (213) or 0.17 percent of population is engaged in business. A total of 1,169 are employed in government as well as in private enterprise

b) Literacy Rate

Literacy refers to the ability to read and write. Almost 82% of population is able read and write. As per survey conducted on MBN in 2001, 5,728 households with all members aged 10 years and above able to read and write and do simple computations. This reflects the status of education in the municipality and the testament to the dedication of the teachers and leaders in inculcating to the youth the importance of education.

c) Major Economic Industries

There are 198 establishments within the municipality during 2005. This ranges from trading to retail industries.
d) Poverty Level

The dependency of agriculture as the prime economic activity of the municipality makes the income of farmers insufficient when compared with the prevailing national poverty threshold. The low price of palay during harvest time makes farming unproductive to some of the farmers especially those who depend on usurers on their expenses, but since there is no alternative source of livelihood they are forced to rely on farming.

The average yield per hectare of palay is 75 cavans on irrigated land and about 60 cavans on unirrigated farms. More than half of the produce went to payment of fertilizers, pesticides, and seed and for land preparation leaving a small amount of the farmerís sustenance till the next planting season.

As in the other neighboring towns, the poverty level is at the threshold of P 300.00 a day for a family of four members according to the National Economic and Development Authority [NEDA]. The average monthly income in the municipality is P 4,500.00 that is derived mainly from farming. This is well below the national poverty line

e) Health and Nutrition

In 2002 there were 5,902 children with ages ranging from 0-6 years old, 90% or 5,311 were actually weighed to determine the severity of malnourishment. From the data, 18 children were listed as severely underweight or on the 3rd degree, while 420 were moderately underweight or on 2nd degree. Obesity, which is another form of malnourishment affected 31 of the children while the rest were listed as normal. Among the causes of malnutrition is the lack of proper feeding procedure among the parents, lack of education and improper eating habits among the children. All of these are the results of poverty among the people especially at the rural areas. The parents are incapable of providing their children with the proper foods since they were of limited means. More often than not their produce from their farms is insufficient.

f) Housing

In 2001, the municipality has a total population of 34,190 with 7406 households and 7,238 dwelling units. Since the number of households is 7,406 and the dwelling unit is only 7,238, there is a discrepancy of 168 units. This indicates the existence of double up households and a shortage dwelling units. The number of households is expected to increase to 7621 units by 2004.

Of the 7,238 dwelling units, 5,893 are singles, 25 are duplex, 49 are either commercial, institutional and 260 are shanties. In terms of housing facility, shanties and barong-barong are not considered acceptable since they are usually made of light materials, used lumbers, cartoons, and galvanized iron that area being put together to serve as shelter of the residents.

g) Education

Total Student Population

During the School year 2002-2003, the enrollment in primary and elementary level including the private school totaled 5523 pupils complimented by 196 teachers and179 classrooms.

Classroom-Pupil Ratio

Public and private schools from elementary and secondary level are undertaking the formal education in Lupao, Nueva Ecija. Twenty one (21) out of its twenty four (24) barangays are provided with complete elementary and primary school buildings equipped with facilities.

The average classroom-pupil ratio is 1:30 while the pupil to teacher ratio is 1:28

Number of Teachers

The municipality of Lupao has three (3) secondary school, two (2) of which are public high school and one (1) private high school. The total number of teachers total 196 .